[citation needed] or choshen. Lenses such as these may have been used for magnifying, burning or even cauterizing wounds. But you need the means to understand these stones as they behave in the present day, too. 21:20). Gen 2:12, Ex 28:20, Job 28:16, Ezek 28:13. Large amounts of agate have been found in archaeological digs of Sumer, dating back to 3500 BC. The term sapphire appears many times in the Bible (see references above), however, the stone we associate with sapphire today was not known in Bible lands until the Roman Empire (300 BC). shop . Each of these gemstones was certainly accorded a great deal of meaning and significance by the Hebrews. In Exodus 24: 9-10, the foot of God’s throne is described as follows: Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and the seventy elders of Israel went up and saw the God of Israel. The Breastplate was folded double to form an inside pocket. In fact, one of the characteristics of jasper is that it is able to take a high polish and was used in ancient times as mantles, pillars, vases, and other interior decorations. It is opaque, blue to blue-green in color with a dull, waxy luster. The term chrusolithos literally means ” gold stone” and very likely refers to the yellow topaz of today. Other versions use the terms glowing metal or gleaming bronze. These seal rings were most often cut as intaglios where the design is cut down into the stone, so that when it is pressed into the seal material (clay or wax) the impression leaves a raised design. The Greek word for crystal is krustallos or “ice” because they believed that it was formed from water exposed to extreme cold. There has been a lot of question about whether the shoham stone is indeed the onyx, however, Josephus (Jewish historian AD 37-100) who had personal access to the breastpiece in his time, clearly identifies the shoham stone as the onyx. The color can vary in intensity from a pale, almost pinkish (mauve) color to a dark purplish violet. Jasper Stone (chalcedony) represents true faith. See Aquamarine and Emerald, CARNELIAN (SARDIUS) Later these mines became known as Cleopatra’s Mines, who was quite fond of emeralds and was reported to wear them to enhance her beauty. Pliny the Elder (AD 23 - 69) describes imitation sardonyx made of a triple stripe of quality white, red and black stone cemented together. (2) Prefer wearing gemstones and jewelry that was designed to remind them of their lifetime journey with God. [1] In Quartz crystal lenses were found in the ruins of Nineveh (3800 BC). Turquoise was used for jewelry, beads, amulets and inlaying on furnishings. A short summary of this paper. Rev 21:19,20, Peridot is the modern name for chrysolite which is a lovely, transparent, gem from the mineral olivine. List Of Precious and Semi Precious Stones Here you will find a list of gemstones that we sell on Gem Rock Auctions. The most tantalizing stone in countless colors, agate is mentioned five times in the bible. It has only been since the mid-1800’s that we have begun to identify stones according to their mineral content. So the tablets on which the Ten Commandments were engraved were also presumably lapis lazuli. In the seven colors, beginning with red and ending with purple, God was displaying a natural miracle … smaragdos) is the fourth stone of the New Jerusalem. Chrysophrase is listed as the 10th stone in the foundation of the New Jerusalem. Click on any of the gemstone below to view the stones for sale by our verified sellers and learn more about it. Pliny the Elder who lived and wrote around the same time that the book of Revelation was written, describes iaspis as “being green and often transparent” which is of interest since today we consider jasper to be opaque. Ex 28:18, 39:11, Jer 17:1, Ezek 28:13. The following is a very basic chart of symbolic and number meaning found in the Bible. While sapphire, diamond and emerald gems weighing hundreds of carats exist, high quality rubies of even 20 carats are rare. Each of the foundation stones was inscribed with a name of one of the 12 apostles. The Bible makes numerous references to jewels and precious stones. EMERALD Bible verses about Stones. The foundations of the city walls of New Jerusalem are described in great detail, and contained twelve precious gemstones: jasper, sapphire, chalcedony, emerald, sardonyx, carnelian, chrysolite, beryl, topaz, chrysoprase, jacinth, and amethyst. They were all enclosed in settings of gold in their mountings." ... a sapphire in the Bible was probably what we know today as lapis. So the term topaz of Bible times was actually the peridot (or chrysolite) of today. Amber is one of the oldest gemstones, having been found in archaeological digs of tombs dating to the Stone Age. Rubies get their red color from traces of chromium. Gemstone Meanings in the 12 heavenly stones. Each of the foundation stones was inscribed with a name of one of the 12 apostles. Coral is mentioned several places in the Bible (scripture references vary according to version). At Energy Muse, our gemstones and crystals have healing properties that help to balance the body, mind, and spirit. It is soft and therefore easily shaped and polished. Turquoise is hydrous compound of phosphorus, aluminum and copper. It is then mentioned 7 times in the Book of Exodus, where the Onyx is set in the ephod and the breastplate of the priests of Israel. Small, natural crystal was often used uncut as jewelry - either strung or placed in a setting. See Beryl, Emerald, BERYL It clears self-doubt and inspires love of beauty. When she came to Solomon, she spoke with him about all ... Gold Precious Stones. Download Full PDF Package. In the Tanakh, the Hebrew Bible, a different gemstone is listed for each of the twelve tribes of Israel. In this chapter God is speaking through the prophet to the wicked prince of Tyrus, but from verse 12 the King of Tyrus, another person, is addressed.Of this person it is said, "Thou sealest up the sum, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty. It is very possible that it was a garnet that was used for the 1st stone in Aaron’s breastpiece. In Exodus 28:15-21, the breastplate of Aaron is described in great detail. Emeralds are the valuable and highly prized grassy-green variety of beryl. Agate is named as the second stone in the third row of the High Priest’s breastplate. Rock crystal is a colorless, transparent, coarse crystalline quartz. In Exodus 28:21 the Lord ordains precious stones to be used in the making of the breastpiece of the High Priests’ garments. Emeralds were engraved with her likeness and given as gifts to her guests. Pliny (AD 23-69) describes the hyacinthus as being very different from amethystus, "though partaking of a color that closely' borders upon it" and as being of a more diluted violet, It is held that the jacinth/hyacinth may actually be the sapphire of today. In the Roman empire at the time of Christ pearls became quite the rage. It is unique in that it has an internal skeleton which can be polished bringing out it’s beautiful shades of red. Exodus 28:30 states that the Urim and Thummin were kept in the pocket. The walls are listed as diamond. Anyone who is interested in the meaning of gemstones and who has an interest in history and legend has probably noticed that there are a number of precious and semi-precious gemstones mentioned in the Bible.. Here they are, in alphabetical order, 40 magickal stones and their metaphysical uses: Amazonite. At that time, emeralds, though also beryl, were called by another name, smaragdos (this being the fourth stone in the New Jerusalem). The green color comes from nickle. This article in our series will discuss the gemstones God will use to construct the walls of New Jerusalem and their relationship to the twelve apostles.This gleaming city, "prepared as a bride adorned for her husband" (Revelation 21:2, HBFV), will be created and brought from heaven to a new earth only after all evil has been purged from the entire universe (see Revelation 20). Nacre is the smooth lining material that these mollusks produce that covers the insides of their shells. Healing Gemstone And Their Meanings. Here are some of my picks when it comes to Bible study tools: Biblical Meaning of Colors in the Rainbow. The Romans carved vases, bowls, and goblets from larger blocks of crystal. Sapphires were not known before the Roman empire and were initially considered to be jacinth. Turquoise specimens have been found in excavations of early civilizations such as Sumer (3500 BC). This stone is said to amplify one’s ability to endure difficult conditions in life. In fact, many gemstones are thought to hold special powers and bring about certain fortune for those who wear them. Onyx has been very popular through the ages as the stone used for engraving cameos. This, as well as the fact that some of the Greek gemstone names have changed in the intervening years, continues to muddy interpretations. Odem here could have been any one of several red stones known to the ancient Hebrews; the garnet or red jasper, as well as the sardius (carnelian). 36 Full PDFs related to this paper. The word emerald comes from the Greek word smaragdos by way of the French word for emerald esmeralde and simply means “green gemstone.” The emerald (Gr. For more information on the Biblical meanings of colors click here Layer upon layer of nacre is applied to the irritant, producing, over a period of 1 - 3 years (or more), one pearl. The exact original meaning of the word is uncertain. Topaz comes from the Greek word topazion, named for the island, Topazios, located in the Red Sea off the coast of Egypt. The Hebrew word shoham is most often translated as onyx and is the second stone in the 4th row of Aaron’s breastpiece. There are many differences among scholars as to the identification of many of the stones of the Old Testament, but due to the widespread use of turquoise in those times it is very likely that one of those obscure terms refers to this beautiful gemstone. Now, of course, the emerald is considered the most valued of the beryls. See Lapis lazuli and Jacinth. Ex 28:17, 39:10; Prov 8:11, 31:10, Job 28:18, Ezek 28:13, Rubies are the red gem variety of the mineral corundum. There are several places in the Old Testament where ruby is the term used in the translation of various stones. Gemstone Meanings in the Bible The shattered Image The modern scientific approach to earthly things is not sympathetic to the traditional view. The ephod was like a vest, a part of the priestly garments used for fastening or binding, and it was holding the breastplate and the two onyx stones. Biblical Color Meaning in the Bible "When God appeared unto Noah after the flood, and placed a rainbow in the sky, He did much more than show him a phenomenon. In the Book of Revelation, a description appears of a city wall with layers of stone. Odem is the stone listed as the first stone in the breastplate in Exodus. It was also used extensively for inlaying. Gem quality coral or precious coral is only found in a few places in the world, one being the warm waters of the Mediterranean Sea which produces some of the very finest. Because it is of animal origin it is not technically considered a mineral. The word sardonyx comes from the Greek sardonux, and has remained relatively unchanged for centuries. The diamond has the highest melting point of any substance (3,820 degrees Kelvin), is an excellent heat conductor, and has very low reactivity to chemicals. At the time of the Exodus Egypt was flooded with riches, and we know how the Israelites on leaving the land possessed themselves of many precious stones, according to the commandment of God (Exodus 3:22; 12:35-36). Agates are a form of chalcedony (a fine-grained variety of quartz) that are banded or lined in a variety of patterns of colored layers. This is a list gemstones and the meaning behind each one. The Hebrew word for agate is shebo which literally means “to flame, split into tongues.” “Agate” comes from the Greek word, achates, which is the name of the river in Sicily where agate was mined in abundance as early as 3000 BC. Beryl is a silicate of beryllium and aluminum, occurs in hexagonal, prismatic crystals and is very hard as a mineral, measuring 8 (on a scale of 1-10). Diamonds are the most highly prized gemstones in the world, mostly due to their many qualities and few weaknesses. These precious stones, and their diversity of attributes are like the virtues that bring one closer to Christ likeness. It is listed as the third foundation stone of the New Jerusalem. They were named clearly in the Greek Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Bible, but by the time that translation was created, the breastplate was no longer in use. Sardonyx is the 5th foundation stone of the New Jerusalem. This is the sacred, ritualistic breastplate which was worn by the High Priest of the Israelites according to the Book of Exodus. Browse through our list of precious, semi-precious, and lab-created stones and learn about their value for jewelry. The Hebrew word here is odem which simply means “red” and could have been any number of red stones (though most likely not the ruby as they were not in use until 300 BC). Onyx is first mentioned in the Book of Genesis: “ And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone” (2:12). List of Precious and Semi-Precious Gemstones by Name (A-Z) Learn about stones — their color, price, and more. Anyone who is interested in the meaning of gemstones and who has an interest in history and legend has probably noticed that there are a number of precious and semi-precious gemstones mentioned in the Bible. Your email address will not be published. Onyx is chalcedony that has even, banded layers of various color (most typically black and white). Here you will find a comprehensive list of gemstones that we sell here on Gem Rock Auctions. These characteristics describe more accurately the lapis lazuli, and not the sapphire of today. The twelve precious stones in the foundation of the New Jerusalem signify every aspect of the doctrines of the New Jerusalem, in their order, from the literal sense of the Word -- as understood by people who directly approach the Lord and live according to the commandments of the Ten Commandments by shunning evil as sins. The foundations of the wall of the city New Jerusalem were adorned with every precious … Crystal Meanings Letting healing crystals into your life allows you to embrace ancient and mystical knowledge. Prior to this time onyx was used extensively for carving seal rings. Regardless, all these precious and non-precious stones possess unique beauty and significant meaning. A string of expertly carved carnelian beads was found in Egypt dating back to 3100 BC. Rock crystal is very abundant and can occur in single crystals that can weigh several tons. It has been supposed to designate the same stone as the ligure (Hebrew leshem) mentioned in Exodus 28:19 as the first stone of the third row in the high priest's breast -plate, the Hoshen. Print out our gorgeous illustrated gemstone meaning cards for personal use, or if you are a shop owner, print out our small description cards to include with purchase. Throughout history, in every civilization, gemstones have been highly prized and sought after. The two shoulder pieces with the two onyx stones and the breastplate with the twelve precious stones were bound, fastened, to the ephod (vv. The third row contained amber or jacinth, agate, and amethyst. Download PDF. According to the Encyclopedia Judaica, the Hebrew word for emerald is most likely bareqet, which is the third stone in the first row of the High Priests’ breastplate. To protect itself, the oyster begins to cover the irritant with sheets of nacre. That describes lapis lazuli quite precisely. Carnelian is a translucent, hard, fine-grained variety of orangish red quartz that has often been used for ring stones and wax seals. DIAMOND contact, website and bracelet designs © Rose Crownover 2007-2012, Job 28:17, Isa 54:12, Rev 4:6; 21:11; 22:1, Ex 28:20, 39:13, Ezek 28:13, Rev 4:3, 21:18, Ex 28:20, 39:13, Job 28:18, Ezek 28:13, Silver stones: silver, granite • Iridescent:promises of God Iridescent stones: opal • Pink: joy, healing, new life in Christ Pink stones: rose quartz • Clear: transparent, pure Clear stones: quartz crystal. OVERVIEW OF THE PRECIOUS STONES mentioned in the Bible Ez 28:13-15 # Cherub STONE Ex 28:17-21 Breastplate Son of Man Rev 4:2-6 New Jerusalem Rev 21:19-20 1 Sardius (Ruby) Sardius (Ruby) Jasper Jasper 2 Topaz Topaz Sardius (Ruby) Sapphire 3 Diamond Emerald Emerald Chalcedony 4 Chrysolite Carbuncle Emerald 5 Onyx Sapphire Onyx 6 Jasper Diamond It ranges in color from golden yellow to orange-brown. Rather he was the leading gemologist of his time and in his role as the resident gem expert at Tiffany & Co. in New York, he helped to shape the modern market for colored stones. The word “chalcedony” is derived from the name of the ancient Greek town, Chalkedon, in Asia Minor, in modern English usually spelled Chalcedon. The Hebrew word odem (literally redness or red stone) is translated by some Bible scholars as sardius (today’s carnelian). Theophrastus (372-287 BC) appears to have been the first man to write about agates. Learn about healing gemstones with this chart of stone meanings. Both of these stones were well known in Bible times, the aquamarine being the most common. Rev 21:20. This gives significance to Jesus’ story about the “pearl of great price.” For many centuries the pearl was known as the “Margarite” from the Greek word for pearl, margarites, which is the name of the oyster that produces the pearl found in the Persian Gulf and Red Sea, margaritafera vulgaris. There are two categories of modified gemstones and organic substances: Gemstones There were distinguishing signs for each prince; each had a flag and a different color for every flag, corresponding to the precious stones on the breast of Aaron… Reuben’s stone was odem and the color of his flag was red; and embroidered thereon were mandrakes. Rubies are the among the hardest of the gemstones with only the diamond being harder. All of the twelve Greek stone names are essentially identical to names still used today to describe semi-precious stones, so they are much better understood than the ancient Hebrew names. Zechariah 9:16 says that the Lord’s people will be like jewels in a crown. Coral is a limestone formation of calcium carbonate produced by the skeletons of millions of tiny marine animals (polyps). Diamonds and pearls, sapphires and rubies all featured in the Bible. There is evidence that these mines were in operation as early as 1650 BC (the time that the Hebrew people would have been in Egypt). KJV Dictionary Definition: stone stone. Ex 28:19, 39:10; Rev 4:3, 21:20. This is where we get the word electricity. BASIC BIBLICAL SYMBOLISM AND NUMEROLOGY CHART. According to Postulate 2, they should be identical to the twelve breastplate stones, or at least be stones … The Romans developed this craft of engraving into a fine art. It was used for jewelry, ornamentation, seals, and amulets. The Power of Gemstones. The diamond was probably not true identity of these stones because the diamond was not identified in the Mediterranean lands until the first century AD, and then it was not valued for it’s beauty as a decorative gemstone, but for it’s use as a tool for carving other stones due to it’s hardness. The first two instances are in Exodus 28:19 and 39:12 where the breastplate direction is given. color symbolism . Actual sapphire did not appear in the lands in question until 300 BC. There are many varieties of chalcedony, but most of them are known under different names and are distinguished by their color (i.e. It grows in bush-like clumps of branches about a foot high and must be harvested while still living to preserve the color. Peoples, even today, wear stones as amulets for their supposed healing and protective abilities. The first two instances are in Exodus 28:19 and 39:12 where the breastplate direction is given. But Hannah declares, “There is no Rock like our God!” 1 Samuel 2:2. They are, in the 1st row, carnelian, chrysolite, and emerald; in the 2nd row, turquoise, sapphire, and amethyst; in the 3rd row, jacinth, agate, and crystal; in the 4th ro… Consequently, it is more difficult for us to see the material world as a revelation of the spiritual world. The modern word comes from the Greek chrusoprasos and literally translated is chrusos meaning “golden” and prason meaning “a leek” indicating the color of the stone. The Greek name for the stone, amethustos (from which we get “amethyst”), literally means “not drunken” and it was believed that the gem guarded one against intoxication. Curiously enough, the construction is described differently in the New Jerusalem Bible (NJB). The city wall was comprised of iaspis, sapphiros, chalcedon, smaragdos, sardonyx, sardion, chrysolithos, beryllos, topazion, chrysoprason, yacinthos, amethystos (in the original Koine Greek). It was fashioned into beads, pins, brooches, signet rings, goblets, cups, bottles, bowls, and carved figurines. 4.1.3. hyacinth), and hence a precious stone of that colour ( Revelation 21:20). Your email address will not be published. They also have the distinction throughout history of often being mistaken for rubies. Pearls were considered among the most precious stones in the ancient world. Ex 28:19, 39:12, Ezek 28:13, Job 28:19, Most scholars agree that lapis lazuli is actually the stone meant for the term “sapphire” in the Bible. One of the earliest known source of emerald were mines located near the Red Sea in Egypt. Aquamarine was the most available variety of beryl during Bible times, while the emerald (also a beryl) was more rare. READ PAPER. Rainbows are one of the most stunning natural occurrences in our skies. Aquamarine is a light blue or bluish-green variety of beryl. It is possible that the sardonyx of Bible times was not limited to the reddish-brown and white stripes. The Revell Bible Dictionary says, "While the root meaning remains uncertain, all scholars agree that the image, used to describe the visible glory of God, conveys the sense of brilliance." It was not until the King James Version of the Bible that the term pearl was used. Of course, this description could also be based off of the writer’s own best guess as to the stones contained in the breastplate and may not lend additional veracity to the interpretation. It is one of the best talismans for artists and performers. Lapis lazuli is given a particular place of honor among Biblical gemstones, and is perhaps among the most holy of all of them. In the KJV, amber is mentioned three times by Ezekiel (Ezek 1:4, 27; 8:2). Under his feet was something like a pavement made of lapis lazuli, as bright blue as the sky. The breastplate with twelve stones with the names of the twelve tribes of Israel signifying Christ as the sanctification, transformation, and glorification of God’s people, and they point to God’s building (Exo. In the Book of Exodus, the Bible and Torah both describe how God himself instructed people to make a breastplate with 12 different gemstones for a high priest to use in prayer. It is a common interpretation of the text that the stone used for the Ten Commandments was actually cut from God’s throne by God himself. Pliny the Elder (23-79 AD) who was a historian at the time the Book of Revelation was written, describes the beryl (berullos) of that day, “The lapidaries cut all beryls of a hexagonal form because the color...is heightened by reflections resulting from the angles. As more information surfaces thanks to archaeological findings and the writings of ancient historians such as Theophrastus (372-287 BC), Elder Pliny (23-79 AD), and Josephus (37-100 AD), we are able to come a bit closer to making some identifications sure. I’d love to have some feedback on the identity of the gemstones of the breastplate of Aaron. Most scholars agree that it was some kind of blue stone, taking it’s color from the flower. It’s color, which ranges from yellow-green to a deep bottle green comes from the presence of iron. During the Middle Ages, it was believed that if one who was condemned for crime held the stone in his mouth he would escape the just punishment of his crime. This belief persisted until the nineteenth century! The best compendium of gemstone lore is undoubtedly that found in George Frederick Kunz's book The Curious Lore of Precious Stones, which was published in 1913.But Kunz was no mystic crystal-gazer. Ex 28:20, 39:13, Ezek 28:13, Rev 4:3, 21:18. Diamonds are made of carbon - the most common substance on earth - formed deep within the earth under extreme heat and pressure. Both the topaz and chrysolite (today called peridot) are stones in the foundation of the New Jerusalem. Sardonyx is a variety of chalcedony (fine-grained quartz) that has alternating bands of reddish-brown and white. These mines produced a cornflower blue sapphire to which all other sapphires are compared. This is the world’s principle source for the peridot (chrysolite). The Greeks used garnets as signet rings with found artifacts dating around 400 BC. 12-28). It is the most valuable variety of chalcedony. There have been no rubies (or diamonds or sapphires) found in any excavations of early Egyptian civilization. Ancient Greeks called amber "electrum." The foundations of the city walls of New Jerusalem are described in great detail, and contained twelve precious gemstones: jasper, sapphire, chalcedony, emerald, sardonyx, carnelian, chrysolite, beryl, topaz, chrysoprase, jacinth, and amethyst. Great quantities of quality sardonyx came from India during this time. Turquoise is not mentioned in the KJV of the Bible, but it can be found in references in some of the newer translations. Chrysoprase has been discovered in archaeological digs in ancient Egypt. Required fields are marked *. The English word “diamond” comes from the Greek word adamas meaning “the invincible.” Only the KJV uses the term diamond in its translation (see scripture references above). A concretion of some species of earth, as lime, silex, clay and the like, usually in combination with some species of air or gas, with sulphur or with a metallic substance; a hard compact body, of any form and size. Bible verses related to Stones from the King James Version (KJV) by Relevance - Sort By Book Order Revelation 2:17 - He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth [it]. Bible Dictionary. STONE, n. Gr. Bible Gems & Minerals. It occurs in many colors, including deep golden-orange, yellow, brownish-yellow, pink, red, and various shades of blue. Ex 28:19, 39:12, Ezek 28:13, Rev 21:20, Beryl (Gr. All other colors of corundum are called sapphire. Egyptian blue paint was made from finely ground lapis. It has a waxy luster and can be semi-transparent to translucent. Specimens that are called by the name chalcedony are generally milky white, light gray, blue and yellowish brown in color. See Topaz, RUBY This precious coral has been harvested from the earliest times and prized by many civilizations. Let us consider for a little the precious gems of Scripture, taking as our first reference Ezekiel 28:12-19. The fourth row contained jasper, serpentine, lapis lazuli, amber or topaz in the first slot (scholars are quite uncertain about this one), malachite or onyx in the next slot, and ruby, hyacinth or emerald in the third. Different gemstone is listed as the first Dynasty ( 3000 BC ) similarly keen to help you to. Job 28:16, Ezek 28:13 color, garnets, have been precious stones in the bible and their meaning pdf gem lapis lazuli is beautiful. 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Gold and precious stones and other precious stones here you will find a list gemstones and have... Reference Ezekiel 28:12-19 amounts of agate reference is in Isaiah 54:12 where it is used in the KJV presence iron... - either strung or placed in a crown been used for ring stones and alabaster in abundance makes. Time onyx was used by the skeletons of millions of tiny marine animals ( polyps ) ” Samuel... Be based off of the foundation of the stone meant for the uniqueness of it 's color, ranges. Great meaning and significance by the name chalcedony are generally milky white, light,! Word apparently referred to lapis lazuli for nearly 5000 years and are distinguished by color!